Anti Cancer Product
Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. There are over 100 diﬀer-ent types of cancer, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially aﬀected.
Cancer harms the body when altered cells divide uncontrollably to form lumps or masses of tissue called tumors (except in the case of leukemia where cancer prohibits normal blood function by abnormal cell division in the blood stream). Tumors can grow and interfere with the digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems, and they can release hormones that alter body function. Tumors that stay in one spot and demonstrate limited growth are generally considered to be benign.
Stages of Cancer
Most types of cancer have 4 stages, numbered from 1 to 4.
- Usually means that a cancer is relatively small and contained within the organ it started in.
- Usually means the cancer has not started to spread into surrounding tissue but the tumour is larger than in stage Sometimes stage means that cancer cells have spread into lymph nodes close to the tumour. This depends on the particular type of cancer.
- usually means the cancer is larger. It may have started to spread into surrounding tissues and there are cancer cells in the lymph nodes in the area.
- means the cancer has spread from where it started to another body organ. This is also called secondary or metastatic cancer.
Treatments For Cancer
There are numerous treatments for cancer. The aim of any treatment is to remove cancerous cells to try to ensure the cancer doesn’t return. This can be challenging because even if just one cancerous cell remains after treatment, it has the potential to create a new tumour. The main techniques used to treat cancer are listed below.
Surgery is a common treatment option. However, the type of surgery a person has and when they have it depends on which cancer it is and what stage it’s at.Surgery removes the tumour and some normal tissue surrounding it. The removed tissue is sent to a laboratory for analysis and the results help doctors to decide whether further treatment, such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy, is needed.
During chemotherapy, powerful medicine is used to kill cancerous cells. It can be given either as a tablet or directly into a vein, using an injection or infusion.There are more than 100 diﬀerent types of chemotherapy medication that can be used to treat hundreds of diﬀerent types of cancer.
Radiotherapy, also known as radiation treatment, can also be used to treat many forms of cancer. It can be given outside the body by using X-rays, or inside the body using a liquid that’s either swallowed or injected, or by putting radioactive material in or close to the tumour. About half of all people with cancer have radiotherapy as part of their treatment plan.
Hormone therapy works by lowering the levels of hormones in your body or by stopping their eﬀects. Prostate cancer in particular needs testosterone to grow, and some breast cancers are stimulated by oestrogen or progesterone.
Biological therapies are treatments that aﬀect the processes that occur in cells.They can: stop cancerous cells dividing and growing seek out and destroy cancerous cells encourage the immune system to attack cancerous cells (immunotherapy) Interferon and interleukin are two substances that are sometimes used during immunotherapy to boost the immune system and help treat certain types of cancer, such as kidney cancer.Mono-clonal antibodies directly target and attack specific proteins on cancerous cells.Angiogen-esis inhibitors interfere with the development of blood vessels that deliver nutrients and oxygen, which tumours need to survive.
Stem cell and bone marrow transplants
Stem cell and bone marrow transplants are often used to treat leukaemia (cancer of the blood cells) and lymphoma (cancer that develops in the lymphatic system).
Complementary and alternative therapies
Complementary therapies can be used alongside conventional cancer treatments. They can sometimes improve a person’s quality of life by helping them cope better with their cancer symptoms or the side eﬀects of their cancer treatment.Examples of complementa-ry therapies include acupuncture, herbal medicine, massage therapy and yoga.Alternative therapies are those used instead of conventional treatment, rather than in combination with them.